Passengers, Seaports, Captains
Arrive San Francisco
January 11, 1853
Captain L. Cazalis
From Havre, France via Valparaiso, 256 passengers
In 1851, Eustache Mathet, after a series of family tragedies and inability to find work in Paris, he petitioned for free passage to San Francisco. After a series of more mishaps, he wrote his family: "In the end, for us, it's victory or death."
|View of Le Havre, 1873 |
Their journey lasted more than five months and they used their time as did all sea voyagers: sights of birds and aquatic life, other ships, they gambled for money, clothes, coffee, wine, brandy or bread. A few of the educated created courses.
On July 23, 1852, with his 16-year-old son Henri, they joined 267 single men under the lingotier banner on the quay in Le Havre. The hardships of these travellers are echoed in virtually every work about the desire to leave subjucation and reach new shores and a new life.
At Valparaiso, local officials descended on the ship: health officers, customs officials, naval officers with friendly salutes, then as now, a swarm of merchants selling goods. There were women everywhere. There was also a military presence that dominated with seemed like a colonial town in its segregated neighborhoods, ruled by brutal force, widespread prostitutions and an exploitation of the poor. They left this port of call after three days.
After 170 days enroute, the Magellan entered San Francisco harbor.
The first of these lottery ships arrived in San Francisco on February 28, 1852. The Committee of Vigilance in San Francisco sent a delegation to the French consulate to make inquiries. The consul, Patrice Dillon, assured the committee that there were no criminals among the 4,500-5,000 laborers that reached the city. The Committee ws satisfied; the Alta California prounounced the future arrivals "all respectable."
January 10, 1853, Daily Alta California, San Francisco, California
Port San Francisco, Jan. 10, 1853
Fr ship Magellan, Cazillis, 152 days from Havre, via Valparaiso 43 days, with a valuable cargo. Mdze to V. Marglo & Co. 256 passengers.
January 11, 1853. Daily Alta California, San Francisco, California
Monsieur, the French Consul in San Francisco: I have the honor of enclosing you the report of my voyage between Valparaiso and San Francisco. Anchored off of North Beach.
I left Valparaiso at 6 o'clock on the morning of the 26th November. On the 30th of the same month, I passed in sight of the Islands of Ambroise and St. Felix. My course in the Southern Hemisphere offers nothing remarkable. I continually had steady and moderate S.E. breezes.
n the 15th December, crossed the Equator in longitude 118S. I kept the S.E. winds up to latitude 4 degrees North, and from the 4th to the 9th degrees I had variable winds from the Southard, accompanied with the rain from off the land. I then caught the S.E. breeze again, after half a day of calm, and they run me into latitude 123 degrees North and 128 degrees of longitude.
I was then at least 300 leagues from San Francisco. I had then been out only 28 days and found myself in the way of making a quick passage; but I was becalmed 13 days, during which, thanks to the sailing qualities of the Magellan, I made 200 leagues to the Northard; during the whole calm weather I was enveloped in thick fogs. I had very foul weather for the three days preceding my arrival at this port. The winds were baffling from S.E. to S.W., and finally hacked round to N.E. The sea was running very high, especially on nearing the land. Yesterday, 9th instant, I arrived on the Bar, where I took a pilot, who anchored me in the roads at 11 o'clock P.M. I took every precaution to preserve the ship against any injury she might sustain from the heavy rollers, which were tumbling in.
I left Havre with 270 emigrants, 20 of whom I have landed, and who have found employment. The report which was addressed by me to the French Consul at Valparaiso mentioned the perfect order which has ever existed on board the Magellan. I have the honor, on this occasion, Monsieur the Consul, to announce to you, officially, the continuance of that good state of things. The officers and all on board have ever preserved their obedience and respect. Thus, the internal arrangement of the Magellan has ever presented the appearance of a numerous and united family. This result, Monsieur the Consul, is the consequence of the reciprocal accomplishment of our obligations; the passengers, in observing the regulations of the ship and ourselves, in our constant efforts and solicitude to render as little disagreeable as possible to the poor emigrants a dreary passage of six months.
|Scene Below Decks|
I should be wanting in the feelings due to my heart, if I failed to recommend, in an especial manner, the passenger troupe of the Magellan. It is in general well composed, and they give every evidence of being excellent subjects. I have the honor to recommend them to you as such.
I am also much pleased with my crew, whose duties, generally arduous, are necessarily made onerous from the fact of having 300 passengers to care for.
I have the honor to salute you, and remain your servant,
Editor's Note: A French student in preparing his Master's Thesis on immigration to California read the above and wrote: "The Societe des Lingots d'Or was the largest attempt to send poor French gold seekers to California during the rush. It had official approval and backing and did manage to ship close to 4,000 people."
January 21, 1853, Daily Alta California, San Francisco
French Ship Magellan.--Consignees by this vessel are requested to call at our office, pay freight and receive orders for their goods. the ship Magellan is now discharging at Law's Wharf.
ja14 V. Marziou & co. 178 Montgomery St.
The Magellan anchored off North Beach.
The French barque Malvine Cezard, from Bordeaux, was also in port at this time. Consignees by this vessel were notified that she was at Sacramento Street wharf and were to pay freight and receive orders for their goods from Gildemeester De Fremery & Co. on Sansome Street.
Daily Alta California, February 21, 1853 (and various dates through June and July), San Francisco
FOR SALE - A fine patent cooking stove, with an apparatus for making fresh water.
One lot of 375 granite stones, of difference sizes, already cut.
Apply to: V. Marziou & Co.
Goods per the Magellan also included 150 cases French sperm candles for sale by Bandman, Nielsen & Co., 48 Front Street.